“All Partners of the Cult-tips project have decided to allocate this part of the website to present some interesting cultural information of their respective cities/countries. Please, find below some useful descriptions along with pictures from monuments, cultural landscapes, local events and festivals as well as some “must-see” places from Leeuwarden – the Netherlands, Rome – Italy, Sevilla – Spain, Lisbon – Portugal, the island and city of Malta, Kaunas – Lithuania & Athens, Piraeus – Greece. Via this online space, Cult-tips partners strongly believe that culture & art can be disseminated to as many people as possible and share with culture/art lovers new ideas and good practices that will also integrate Computational Thinking.
Enjoy this virtual journey!”

Malta (MT)

The oldest free-standing structures on Earth

According to UNESCO, the Megalithic Temples of Malta that date from 5,500 to 2,500 BC are some of the oldest, free-standing stone buildings on Earth. They are even older than Stonehenge and the Pyramids of Egypt. Remarkable for their diversity of form and decoration the Megalithic Temples of Malta are the result of local innovations in a process of a cultural revolution. The ancient Maltese are believed to have prioritized both architectural proficiency and artistic creativity, which these structures inherently blend together. In terms of their contemporary innovation, the temples show evidence of construction methods and design that were fairly ahead of their time. While not much is known about who built them, evidence from inside the temples such as livestock sacrifices suggests that local farmers constructed the stony structures.

Through the use of radiocarbon dating, the development of the temples has been split up into three phases spanning the bronze-age. More than 50 temples were found on the islands of Malta and most of them are constructed in the same design which includes a central corridor with two or more chambers and an altar at the end.  The most known temples are Hagar Qim, Mnajdra, Tarxien and Ġgantija on the island of Gozo.

 

The Netherlands (NL)

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Italy (IT)

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Spain (SP)

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Portugal (PT)

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Lithuania (LT)

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Greece (EL)

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