“All Partners of the Cult-tips project have decided to allocate this part of the website to present some interesting cultural information of their respective cities/countries. Please, find below some useful descriptions along with pictures from monuments, cultural landscapes, local events and festivals as well as some “must-see” places from Leeuwarden – the Netherlands, Rome – Italy, Sevilla – Spain, Lisbon – Portugal, the island and city of Malta, Kaunas – Lithuania & Athens, Piraeus – Greece. Via this online space, Cult-tips partners strongly believe that culture & art can be disseminated to as many people as possible and share with culture/art lovers new ideas and good practices that will also integrate Computational Thinking.
Enjoy this virtual journey!”

Malta (MT)

The oldest free-standing structures on Earth

According to UNESCO, the Megalithic Temples of Malta that date from 5,500 to 2,500 BC are some of the oldest, free-standing stone buildings on Earth. They are even older than Stonehenge and the Pyramids of Egypt. Remarkable for their diversity of form and decoration the Megalithic Temples of Malta are the result of local innovations in a process of a cultural revolution. The ancient Maltese are believed to have prioritized both architectural proficiency and artistic creativity, which these structures inherently blend together. In terms of their contemporary innovation, the temples show evidence of construction methods and design that were fairly ahead of their time. While not much is known about who built them, evidence from inside the temples such as livestock sacrifices suggests that local farmers constructed the stony structures.

Through the use of radiocarbon dating, the development of the temples has been split up into three phases spanning the bronze-age. More than 50 temples were found on the islands of Malta and most of them are constructed in the same design which includes a central corridor with two or more chambers and an altar at the end.  The most known temples are Hagar Qim, Mnajdra, Tarxien and Ġgantija on the island of Gozo.

 

The Netherlands (NL)

THE TOUR 

The tour on skates 

On 2 January 1909 the first official Elfstedentocht was organized by De Friesche IJsbond. 

The Elfstedentocht on skates is the first and therefore the oldest trip along the eleven cities of Friesland. To date, fifteen tours have been organized, the last so far in 1997. Every year, the tour is fully organized (on paper) by the board and other employees. The actual execution depends on the weather. 

The fact that the tour cannot be organised every year because it needs a harsh winter has undoubtedly contributed to the cult status of this tour. In addition, skating over 200 kilometres through the Frisian landscape, literally in all weathers, is also heroic. Whether as a participant in the competition or in the tour, it is admirable! 

The tour on bike 

For more than 100 years, on Whit Monday about 15,000 participants have been cycling the Cycle Cities Tour. The route of this 235 kilometre long tour starts and finishes in Bolsward. Participants start in 23 different groups, in the morning between 05.00 and 08.00 hours in the centre of Bolsward. Every 8 minutes a group starts with about 650 participants. The draw system takes care of the classification of the different groups. In order to complete the tour, participants must have collected all stamps at the various stations and be at the last finish check in Bolsward by 24.00 hrs at the latest. 

And the tour by motorbike, car or solex is also taken place every year in Friesland on Whit Monday. 

11Fountains in Friesland 

Since Leeuwarden-Fryslân Cultural Capital of Europe 2018, the eleven cities of Friesland have been equipped with unique fountains. Eleven internationally renowned artists have designed special water artworks in all eleven cities. High time for an Eleven-City Tour along these pearls. 

So although the most famous tour on skates is not taken place every year, the tour is very much alive because of the alternatives. 

 

(both from pinterest about Elfstedentocht)

The Oldehove 

(from www.oldehove.eu)

In Leeuwarden, the capital of Friesland, a province of Leeuwarden stands a crooked but famous tower.  

The build of this crooked tower started in 1529. Before that there was a small church there. The intention was to build an entire church. But unfortunatly during the building of the tower it started to lean. There was no saving it. It should have been 120  meters. The build stopped at 39 meters.  

The Oldehove is an important landmark for Leeuwarden and its inhabitants. There is even a saying in the city dialect that says ” A’k de Oldehove niet sien ken, dan foel ik my onwennnich”. Which could be translated as: If I can’t see the Oldehove, I feel uneasy.  

You can visit the tower. There is a look-out built at the top from which there is an amazing view of the old city center and far beyond. 

In the square in front of the tower, where the church would have been build, many festivals and events are held throughout the year. So the tower and its square are still very much alive!  

 

 

Italy (IT)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Spain (SP)

THE GOLDEN TOWER  –  SEVILLE  – SPAIN 

               (https://sevillecityguide.com/torredeloro.html )

The Torre del Oro (Golden Tower), which dominates the banks of the River Guadalquivir, is a remnant of the Moorish fortified walls which originally enclosed the city. A watchtower designed to protect the docks, its iconic shape makes it one of Seville’s best-known monuments, after the Giralda which was built just a few years earlier.It is one of the most representative symbols os Seville. It was named a historic-artistic monument in 1931. 

Its name comes from the golden shine it projected on the river, due to its building materials ,a mixture of mortar, lime and pressed hay. 

The Torre del Oro was built in the 12th century during the reign of the Taifa Kings, a time when Spain was invaded by the Moors. that controlled much of Southern Spain until it was reconquested by the Christians in the 13th century. 

The tower is 36 metres high and stands on the left bank of the Gadalquivier River. It has three sections, the first two of which are dodecagonal. The main body has a 12-side floor, whereas the upper part has a 6-side floor and was  built by Pedro I, “the Cruel”,the same that ordered the construction of the Alcazar, a Mudejar Palace.  

The Torre del Oro now houses a small but interesting naval museum, has had several critical and decisive moments throughout history, it was used as a chapel, a prison for noblemen, a gunpowder store, and the offices of the Port authorities and the Naval Command.  

 

.

Portugal (PT)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Lithuania (LT)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Greece (EL)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.